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Memory Care

Dementia Types

Dementia Diagnosis Changes Everything

When a loved one is diagnosed with dementia, life changes. Living with Alzheimer’s or a related dementia presents a myriad of challenges for which most families are unprepared. The demands placed on caregivers are intense and can seriously impact the caregiver’s lifestyle and personal health.

We have expertise working with the following dementia types:

  • Alzheimer's Disease
  • Early-Onset Dementia
  • Frontotemporal Dementia
  • Lewy Body Dementia
  • Mild Cognitive Impairment
  • Mixed Dementia
  • Parkinson's Disease Dementia
  • Vascular Dementia

What is Frontotemporal Dementia?

Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) accounts for about 10-20 percent of dementia cases. It is recognized as one of the most common presenile dementias (meaning it occurs in a younger population).

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What is Frontotemporal Dementia?

FTD causes cell damage in the frontal lobe (behind the eyes) and temporal lobe (behind the ears), shrinking tissue and reducing brain functions such as judgment, emotions, speaking, understanding and movement. FTD is relatively more common in the younger population, with people often developing symptoms in their 50s or early 60s.

FTD is comprised of multiple disorders with different core symptoms:

  • Behavioral variant FTD (bvFTD) impacts personality and behavior. Subtle changes in personal relationships, interaction with others and mood may be noticeable in the beginning, and are sometimes mistaken for depression. As bvFTD progresses, a person may withdraw socially, lose restraint in personal relations and social activities, and have poor judgment or decision making abilities.
  • Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) affects language skills in the beginning and behavior as the disorder advances. A person can speak, but uses broad general terms such as “animal” when referring to a “dog.” Comprehension of language may also become a problem as the disease advances. They may struggle to find words, or speech may seem delayed. The ability to read and write may also decline.
  • Frontotemporal movement disorders affects involuntary, automatic muscle functions, and impairs language and behavior. A person may become shaky, notice muscle rigidity and spasms and loss of coordination. A person may have trouble with walking and balance, may fall frequently and notice muscle stiffness or affected eye movement.


Learn more about different types of dementia here


What is Parkinson's Disease Dementia?

Parkinson ’s disease dementia (PDD) is an impairment in thinking and reasoning that effects 50-80% of people diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease.

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What is Parkinson's Disease Dementia?

Parkinson ’s disease dementia (PDD) is an impairment in thinking and reasoning that effects 50-80% of people diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. Patient’s with Parkinson’s disease dementia often experience the same symptoms as Alzheimer’s patients, in addition to sleep disturbances, visual hallucinations, muscle rigidity or other Parkinsonism physical and cognitive impairments.

What is Parkinson’s Disease Dementia?

The brain changes caused by Parkinson’s disease begin in a part of the brain that controls movement. As Parkinson’s disease progresses, it often begins to cause cognitive impairments due to protein deposits found in the brain stem that deplete dopamine levels. Parkinson’s disease dementia symptoms include problems with memory, perception, thinking and behavior, trouble speaking, confusion, hallucinations, changes in mood and personality, muscle rigidity, sleep disturbances, anxiety, depression and tremors. There is no cure or treatment to slow or stop brain deterioration from Parkinson’s disease dementia.  It’s important to work closely with a physician to determine which medications work best for you or your loved ones.

Learn more about different types of dementia here.


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